The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) has an excellent example of an "APA 7 Student Paper" written in APA 7th edition style, with references. Unfortunately, now it is important on OWL to ignore any citation generator powered by Citation Machine. It is not an OWL product and is not endorsed or recommended by the Cornette Library.
The sites below will be helpful when you do not have the APA style manual in hand.
A digital object identifier (DOI) provides a persistent link to online content. So a DOI provides permanent access to an online journal article, even if the journal ceases or a database drops that particular journal.
APA Style: DOIs and URLs explains when to include them in a citation, correct format, and shorteners.
To cite articles using APA style, you must follow the rules of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. Copies are available to use, but not check out, from:
Just ask for the "APA style manual".
NOTE: During COVID-19 precautions, these books will not be available for in-house use/checkout. Please ask for citation assistance at the R&A Desk.
To see examples of citations of journal articles in the APA style manual, read pages 316 through 319 of the 7th edition.
The basic citation information for an online journal article is:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., & Author, D. D. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx(xx), pp-pp. https://doi.org/##.####/xxxxxxxxxx
As always, your instructor may choose to modify some APA requirements. The instructor has the final word on APA style used for their class. That said, notice some general rules about a journal citation in APA format:
Legg, C., & Penn, C. (2013). A stroke of misfortune: Cultural interpretations of aphasia in South Africa. Aphasiology, 27(2), 126-144. http://doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2012.684338
Note: The article in the example above includes the issue number of the volume of the journal. The APA 7th edition of the Publication Manual states: "Include the issue number for all periodicals that have issue numbers" (Rule 9.25 on page 294). It also states: "When periodical information (e.g., volume number, issue number, page range) is missing, omit it from the reference" (Rule 10.1 on page 316). Therefore, if the issue number was missing from the journal's information, the citation would be written as in the example below.
Legg, C., & Penn, C. (2013). A stroke of misfortune: Cultural interpretations of aphasia in South Africa. Aphasiology, 27, 126-144. http://doi.org/10.1080/02687038.2012.684338
Note: APA 7th edition of the Publication Manual states: "Include a DOI for all works that have a DOI, regardless of whether you used the online version or the print version. If a print work does not have a DOI, do not include any DOI or URL in the reference" (Rule 9.34 on page 299). Therefore if you find and use an article in print, search the library databases to see if the article is available online and, if so, what its DOI is. If the article is not available online or does not have a DOI, follow the example below.
Legg, C., & Penn, C. (2013). A stroke of misfortune: Cultural interpretations of aphasia in South Africa. Aphasiology, 27(2), 126-144.
You might see information about an article's DOI similar to the examples below. Notice how the information may look different when researching different databases.
Sekine, K., & Rose, M. L. (2013). The relationship of aphasia type and gesture production in people with aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 22(4), 662-672. https://doi.org/10.1044/1058-0360(2013/12-0030)
For more information on citing an online article with a DOI, see the 7th edition of the APA style manual:
Most recent online scholarly articles have a DOI. If a DOI is not available, proper APA style format is:
Consider the example of the online article on the right without a DOI. The APA citation would be:
Katz, W. F., Bharadwaj, S. V., & Carstens, B. (1999). Electromagnetic articulography treatment for an adult with Broca's aphasia and apraxia of speech. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 42(6), 1355-1366.
For more information on citing an online article without a DOI, see the 7th edition of the APA style manual:
Chapter 8 of the 7th edition of the APA style manual (pages 253 - 278) has general information and specific examples for in-text parenthetical citations. A few examples of this type of citation are below. For information on including page numbers of direct quotations, see Rules 8.25 through 8.27 on pages 270 - 273.