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Teaching with AI


The APA recommended citation for ChatGPT and other AI tools are based of the rules for citing software, and is as follows: 

Example Reference List Citation:

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].


Example in-Text Citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (OpenAI, 2023)
  • Narrative citation: OpenAI (2023)

Four elements are required: 

  • Author: This is the Publisher of the AI tool. This is:
    • OpenAI for ChatGPT or DALL-E
    • Google for Bard
    • Meta for LLaMA
  • Date: This is the date that the tool is accessed in year form. 
  • Title: There are 3 parts to this section:
    • Name of the Tool (in italics)
    • Version Number 
    • Bracketed information to describe the software. This could include:
      • Large Language Models
      • Large Multimodal Models
  • Source: Since the publisher and author are the same for most generative AI models, only include the URL.   

Note: Since AI interaction results may not be reproducible, consider noting your prompts or responses in an appendix or in the text of your paper.

If you have further questions, read the full APA blog post.