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Critical Thinking

This guide is designed to help learners improve critical thinking skills.

Fake News: What is it?

Fake News
Propaganda or false and often sensational journalism, characterised by exaggerated headlines, that is presented as serious news and that intends to mislead readers. The rise in the popularity of social media sites as news sources has been attributed as a cause of the proliferation of fake news. The term itself is often misappropriated to describe legitimate, fully researched, fact-based news that is unpopular with certain people, groups and political leaders. See also post-truth; truthiness
Why Do Our Brains Love Fake News?

Different Types of Fake News

  • Pure fake news sites use fabricated stories to lure traffic, encourage clicks (click bait), influence or profit using intentionally deceptive, but highly intriguing, often sensational information.
  • Hoax sites also share false information with the intention to trick readers/viewers
  • Satirical sites present news with a comical, often exaggerated spin
  • Born digital images and edited images alter and often misrepresent visual reality

Valenza, J. (2016, November 26). Truth, truthiness, triangulation: A news literacy toolkit for a "post-truth" world. http://blogs.slj.com/neverendingsearch/2016/11/26/truth-truthiness-triangulation-and-the-librarian-way-a-news-literacy-toolkit-for-a-post-truth-world/