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ATTR 3308/3309: Therapeutic Modalities

This Course Guide is designed to help you find the resources you need to research therapeutic modalities both for use in this class, and in your future as a professional.

What Are Evidenced-Based Care Sheets?

Evidence-Base Care Sheets (EBCS), a product of CINAHL, synthesize published evidence for select ailments and treatments. Evidence-Based Care Sheets are broken down into three essential parts:

What We Know
A bullet point distillation of available research, guidelines, reports, legislation, and other sources of information.
What We Can Do
A bulleted list of actions that nurses can take to address the disease and/or treatment.
Coded References List
EBCS employ endnotes to cite sources. On top of the typical APA citation, EBCS use a coding matrix for the purpose of ranking the strength of evidence found within the sources. For further information on the coding matrix, please see the end of an EBCS or take a look at the Coding Matrix Box on this page.

Accessing Evidence-Based Care Sheets

With our access to CINHAL, we have access to 133 Evidence-Based Care Sheets about 99 topics.To access these sheets, start by clicking the following link:


Click "Evidence-Based Care Sheets" from the top navigation bar

If you do not see "Evidence-Based Care Sheets" on the menubar, click the "More" dropdown

There are two ways to find sheets.

You can search the sheets by entering your keywords and clicking browse
You can also browse the sheets by clicking the "Previous" and "Next" buttons.
  1. Check the checkbox next to the topic you wish to see
  2. Click the "Search" button

Click the PDF link to see the full-text of the sheet

International Classification of Diseases (ICD)

You may notice on the Evidence-Based Care Sheets codes that start with "ICD." These refer to the International Classification of Diseases. For further information on ICD-10, see the link below.

Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®)

Instead of using ICD codes, the assignment requires the use of CPT codes.

What is the CPT?

Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®), Fourth Edition, is a set of codes, descriptions, and guidelines intended to describe procedures and services performed by physicians and other health care professionals, or entities. Each procedure or service is identified with a five-digit code. The use of CPT codes simplifies the reporting of procedures and services. In the CPT code set, the term “procedure” is used to describe services, including diagnostic tests.
American Medical, A. (2015). CPT 2016 Professional Edition. [Chicao, Ill.]: American Medical Association.

CPT Categories

Category I
Six Main Sections
  1. Evaluation and Management
  2. Anesthesia
  3. Surgery
  4. Radiology
  5. Pathology and Laboratory
  6. Medicine
Category II
Performance Management
Category III
Emerging Technology, Services, & Procedures

Available Resources

Coding Matrix

The following table presents the Coding Matrix as seen within an Evidence-Based Care Sheet. They are listed in order with the strongest evidence at the top to the weakest evidence at the bottom.

MPublished meta-analysis
SRPublished systematic or integrative literature review
RCTPublished research (randomized controlled trial)
RPublished research (not randomized controlled trial)
CCase histories, case studies
GPublished guidelines
RVPublished review of the literature
RUPublished research utilization report
QIPublished quality improvement report
PGRPublished government report
PFRPublished funded report
PPPolicies, procedures, protocols
XPractice exemplars, stories, opinions
GIGeneral or background information/texts/reports
UUnpublished research, reviews, poster presentations or other such materials
CPConference proceedings, abstracts, presentation