The purpose of citation is to:
Style encompasses everything about how a paper is formatted, including in-text referencing and final list of references.
Every citation style will include some version of the following:
The basic idea to remember is who did what when and where.
In engineering and the sciences it is very common for individual journals to have their own style guidelines. Knowing the pieces of a citation are particularly helpful when how they are arranged or formatted can vary.
Dr. Howell is requiring that you use the American Society of Civil Engineering style, as used in the Journal of Environmental Engineering. As part of their Author Services: Journals they provide:
For the ASCE reference guidelines, consult the guide Author Services: Journals.
|Single Author||Two Authors||Three or More Authors|
|(Miller 2005)||(Miller and Smith 2005)||(Miller et al. 2005)|