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CENG/EVEG 3404: Fluid Mechanics

Guide to finding research for literature review assignment in Dr. Howell's Environmental Engineering 3404 - Fluid Mechanics

Citation and Style

The purpose of citation is to:

  • acknowledge the scholarly work that you are using,
  • give credit to authors of that work,
  • allow your reader to find your source to study in depth, and
  • avoid accusations of plagiarism.

Style encompasses everything about how a paper is formatted, including in-text referencing and final list of references.

Every citation style will include some version of the following:

  • For articles:
    • Title of the article
    • Author(s) of the article
    • Title of the publication in which the article appears
    • Volume number, issue number, and inclusive pages.
    • Year of publication
  • For books:
    • Author(s) or editor(s) of the book
    • Title of the book
    • Year of publication
    • Publisher and city of publication
  • Conference proceedings, presentations, government documents, and other sources can be more complex.

The basic idea to remember is who did what when and where.

Which Style?

In engineering and the sciences it is very common for individual journals to have their own style guidelines. Knowing the pieces of a citation are particularly helpful when how they are arranged or formatted can vary.

Dr. Howell is requiring that you use the American Society of Civil Engineering style, as used in the Journal of Environmental Engineering. As part of their Author Services: Journals they provide:

American Society of Civil Engineers

For the ASCE reference guidelines, consult the guide Author Services: Journals.

The Basics:

  1. In-text citation is (Author Date)
    Single Author Two Authors Three or More Authors
    (Miller 2005) (Miller and Smith 2005) (Miller et al. 2005)
  2. Reference List Entry
    1. Journal Article Entry
      • Author(s). (Year). "Title of article in sentence style capitalization." Abr. Jrnl. Title, Vol(iss), inclusive page numbers.
      • EXAMPLE:
        • Stahl, D. C., Wolfe, R. W., and Begel, M. (2004). “Improved analysis of timber rivet connections.” J. Struct. Eng., 130(8), 1272-1279.