List references alphabetically by the first author's last name. When writing the authors in one entry, ensure to preserve the order of names as written in the article as this denotes the order of attribution.
LastName, F. M., LastName, F. M., & LastName, F. M. (PubYear). Title of the article: Note capitalization rule. Title of Journal with Caps, vol(num), pages. doi:… OR Retrieved from [Publisher’s journal website]
Trottier, C., & Robitaille, S. (2014). Fostering life skills development in high school and community sport: A comparative analysis of the coach’s role. Sport Psychologist, 28(1), 10-21. doi:10.1123/tsp.2012-0094
LastName, F. M., & LastName, F. M. (PubYear). Title of book: Note capitalization rules. PubCity, PubState: Publisher.
Dietzel, P.F. (2008). Call me coach: A life in college football. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.
LastName, F. M., & LastName, F. M. (PubYear). Title of chapter: Note capitalization rule. In F. M. EditorLast & F. M. EditorLast (Eds.), Title of book: Note capitalization rules (pp. pages). PubCity, PubState: Publisher.
Gal, E., Cermak, S. A., & Ben-Sasson, A. (2007). Sensory processing disorders in children with autism: Nature, assessment, and intervention. In R. L. Gabriels & D. E. Hill (Eds.), Growing up with autism: Working with school-aged children and adolescents (pp. 95-123). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
LastName, F. M., & LastName, F. M. (PubYear, Month Day). Title of website: Note capitalization rules. Retrieved from http://
Eckhardt, G. (n.d.). The San Antonio River. Retrieved from http://www.edwardsaquifer.net/sariver.html
In-text citation flags information found within your paper and ties it to your reference list. How a citation is formatted within your paper depends on:
For two or more authors, always list the authors in order that they are listed within your resource
Quotations are for direct reproduction of the author's words. How we format quotations is based on length of the quote.
These are considered to be short quotations. When citing, wrap the author's words in "double quotations."
Smith (2016) stipulated that "plagiarism ends your academic career" (p. 250).
These are considered to be long quotations. When citing, you will need to create a quote block that is indented 1/2 inch for the entirety of the quote.
This is my own thought. However, I want to share a long quotation. Smith (2016) found that:
Here is the authors long but very important quotation. I am keeping the entire quote indented by 1/2 inch. This allows the reader to know that this is a very long quote and is separate from my own ideas (p. 45).
After the quote, I return to my own words and thus normal formatting.
Paraphrasing is used to summarize information from another author in your own words. It is generally used for:
Multiple studies have concluded that bees are vital components of local ecosystems (Archer, 2001; Janeway, 1995; Kirk, 1968; Lorca, 2017; Picard, 1987; Sisko, 1999).
If you paraphrase seems to close to the original words, just quote the author word-for-word. Reproducing an author's words by only changing a word here and there is plagiarism. If you cannot improve and properly summarize an author's words, stick with direct quotes.
EndNote is a citation manager that allows you to:
Three steps will create your account:
After the one time account creation process, you can access EndNote directly or go through Web of Science. Account creation also lets you use email alerts, saved searches and other features.
Whenever starting a new project, paper, etc., select "Create a new group" from the EndNote homepage to best organize your citations.
EndNote allows you to "collect" citations.
Additionally, databases (such as EBSCO) offer the ability to directly import citations to EndNote. After directly loading your citation using this method, you will need to manually add it to your group.
Once you have all your resources added to EndNote, EndNote can create a bibliography for you by:
Additionally, EndNote provides "Cite While You Write™", a Word/Internet Explorer plug-in that will help you write your in-text and bibliography while you right. Please see EndNote concerning this plugin. Note: If you're on an University computer, you will need to contact IT about getting this plug-in installed.