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PHYS 1402/2426 Labs

Information for articles for Physics labs 1402, 2426,

ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASME reference list rules:

In text references are sequentially numbered, enclosed in brackets: [1].

References are at the end of the paper are formatted:

  1. Reference to journal articles and papers in serial publications should include:
    • last name of each author followed by their initials
    • year of publication
    • full title of the cited article in quotes, title capitalization
    • full name of the publication in which it appears
    • volume number (if any) in boldface (Do not include the abbreviation, "Vol.")
    • issue number (if any) in parentheses (Do not include the abbreviation, “No.”)
    • inclusive page numbers of the cited article (include “pp.”)
  2. Reference to textbooks and monographs should include:
    • last name of each author followed by their initials
    • year of publication
    • full title of the publication in italics
    • publisher
    • city of publication
    • inclusive page numbers of the work being cited (include “pp.”)

American Society of Civil Engineers

For the ASCE reference guidelines, consult the guide Author Services: Journals.

The Basics:

  1. In-text citation is (Author Date)
    Single Author Two Authors Three or More Authors
    (Miller 2005) (Miller and Smith 2005) (Miller et al. 2005)
  2. Reference List Entry
    1. Journal Article Entry
      • Author(s). (Year). "Title of article in sentence style capitalization." Abr. Jrnl. Title, Vol(iss), inclusive page numbers.
      • EXAMPLE:
        • Stahl, D. C., Wolfe, R. W., and Begel, M. (2004). “Improved analysis of timber rivet connections.” J. Struct. Eng., 130(8), 1272-1279.

IEEE Citation

The following information is adapted from the IEEE Citation Reference.

For references with three or more authors, use et al. after the initials author's last name.

Reference Page


  • F. M. LastName, "Title fo chapter in the book," in Title of Published Work, xth ed. City of Publisher, Country [if not USA]: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx-xxx.
  • L. Stein, "Random patterns," in Computer and Your, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-70.


  • F. M. LastName, "Name of paper," Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.
  • R. E. Kalman, "New results in linear filtering and prediction theory," J. Basic Eng., ser. D, vol. 83, pp. 95-108, Mar. 1961.

Note: See the IEEE Citation Reference for IEEE Periodical Abbreviations.


  • Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed., Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, year, pp. xx-xx.
  • Transmission Systems for Communication, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, 1985, pp. 44-60.


  • F. M. LastName, "Title of report," Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Rep. xxx, year.
  • J. H. Davis and J. R. Cogdell, "Calibration program for the 16-foot antenna," Elect. Eng. Res. Lab., Univ. Texas, Austin, Tech. Memo. NGL-006-69-3, Nov. 15, 1987.

Conferences Technical Articles

  • Basic
    • F. M. Author, "Title of paper," in Unabbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State [if given], year, pp. xxx-xxx.
  • Electronic without Page Numbers
    • F. M. LastName and F. M. LastName, "Title of Article," in Title of Conf, year, © [copyright holder]. doi:xxxx.
  • Unpublished Paper Presented at Conference
    • F. M. LastName and F. M. LastName, "Title of paper," presented at the Unabbrev. Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, year.


  • N. M. LastName, (year, month day). Title (edition) [Type of medium]. Available: [URL]
  • J. Jones. (1991, May 10). Networks (2nd ed.) [Online]. Available:


  • F. M. LastName. (year, month day). Title (edition) [Type of medium]. Available e-mail: Message:
  • S. H. Gold. (1995, Oct 10). Inter-Network Talk [Online]. Available e-mail: COMSERVE@RPIECS Message: Get NETWORK TALK


  • F. M. LastName, "Title of patent," U.S. Patent x xxx xxx, Abbrev. Month, day, year.
  • J. P. Wilkinson, "Nonlinear resonant circuit devices," U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16, 1990.


  • Title of Standard, Standard number, date.
  • IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.

Theses and Dissertations

  • F. M. LastName, "Title of thesis/dissertation," [M.S. or Ph.D.] [theses or dissertation], Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ, Abrrev. State, year.
  • J. O. Williams, "Narrow-band analyzer," Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.


  • F. M. LastName, "Title of paper," unpublished.
  • F. M. LastName, private communication, Abbrev. Month, year.